Declension of nouns and declining of verbs
To many people's surprise, Arabic grammar in respect of syntax, declension and declining is far less uncomplicated than what is found in most Western languages. Vocabulary is, however a challenge, due to its richness.
Nominative: -u and -un.
Accusative: -a and -an.
Genitive: -i and -in.
Declining of verbs is a shock to most. There are only 2 tenses. Yes, it is true! Perfect, for actions already completed, and Imperfect, for actions incompleted. There are some derivatives of these two, but for all three levels of BABEL:arabic, learning 2 tenses is practically the only main effort imposed upon you.
he wrote: kataba
she wrote: katabat
he writes: yaktaba
she writes: taktaba
There are problems awaiting you with verbs, more than for the declension, (well covered in books for advanced studies), we will provide you with a handful of hints on how to reduce the problems effectively, yet grammatically correctly.