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1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
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14. Calendar

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Islam / Shi'i / Twelvers / Imam /
Jafar as-Sadiq
Arabic: 'abū ¢adullahi ja¢fari bni muhammad

Grave of Jafar as-Sadiq
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Alleged grave of Jafar as-Sadiq, together with other imams. His is the one furthest to the right. Madina, Saudi Arabia.

(699- 765 CE) The Sixth Imam in the Twelver and Isma'ili traditions of Shi'i Islam.
He is one of the most widely respected Imams by Shi'i and Sunni alike for his learning and piety. Jafar as-Sadiq (the truthful) was an influential teacher, theologian and jurist. Among his students were Abu Hanifa and Malik ibn Anas who were instrumental in the development of Sunni Islam. While an active Shi'i theologian, Jafar appears to have had a liberal view of learning and maintained an active discourse with many scholars of differing views. While he stayed out of politics he was imprisoned and persecuted on several occasions by the Abbassid Caliphs.
His eldest son Ismail who had been selected to be his successor died before Jafar, resulting in a confusion in the succession. The Isma'ilis maintain that Ismail was the 7th Imam even though he had no opportunity to exercise that role.
He was buried in Madina in the cemetary known as Janna al-Baqi'.
Musa al-Kazim succeeds Jafar as Sadiq in the Twelver tradition.

By D. Josiya Negahban