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2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
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Islam / Shi'i / Twelvers / Imam /
Ali ar-Rida
Arabic: (FULL NAME:) 'abū l-hassani ¢alī bni mūsāPlay sound
Arabic: (HONORARY TITLE:) ¢alī r-ridāPlay sound

The complex over the tomb of 9th imam, Ali ar-Rida. Mashhad, Iran.
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The complex over the tomb of 8th imam, Ali ar-Rida. Mashhad, Iran.

(Madina 765- Tus 818) Eighth Imam of the Twelver Shi'i Islam (799- 818)
Ali ar-Rida's Imamate coincided with a great reversal of fortune for the Shi'i. He attained the Imamate at the age of 35 after the brutal persecution and martyrdom of his father, Musa al Kazim, at the hands of Caliph Harun ar-Rashid.
After Harun's death, however, events rapidly evolved and after a civil war between Harun's sons al-Amin and al-Ma'mun ended in al-Ma'mun's victory.
Ali ar-Rida was called to al-Ma'mun's capital at Marv in northeastern Iran, where he was named al-Ma'mun's heir apparent and the black Abbasid banners were changed to the Alid green. Unfortunately, Ali ar-Rida was not destined to the Caliphate and on his way to Iraq with Ma'mun, he died suddenly at Tus. According to some accounts he was poisoned.
His shrine is one of the most important in Twelver Shi'i Islam and the pilgrimage city of Meshed grew up around it.
He was succeeded by Muhammadu t-Taqi.

By D. Josiya Negahban