Ancient Egypt / Religion /
Ancient Egyptian: Abdjw
Abydos is located in the middle of the Ancient Egyptian territories, about 50 km south of modern Sohag.
The oldest recorded temple at Abydos was devoted to the canine god, Osiris-Khentimentiu.
Today, two temples remain in fine shape. Especially, the Temple of Seti 1 is impressive, unusual with its L-shape and noted for its smooth and discrete appearance in front, its impressively dark and beautiful chambers, most keeping their roofings intact.
Behind the dominating temple structure, the Osireion is located. Despite its apparent old building technique with huge granite blocks, it is believed to belong to the era of Seti 1 and Merneptah, attempting to recreate an old temple.
Around the two central temples, many important sites are found. Among which, Egypt proper's southernmost pyramid, built for Ahmose, though not with a tomb inside.
Abydos also has a tomb to the 1st Dynasty king Djer, a tomb which more than 1000 years later would be claimed to be the tomb of Osiris. This tomb would be central in making Abydos the favourite burial place for rich people.
Abydos has been suggested as one of the earliest places for the development of the death cult in Egyptian religion, having predynastic mortuary complexes and early dynastic boat graves.
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