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Amasya





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Amasya

The Yesil river cutting through Amasya, Turkey.
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Amasya, Turkey.
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Town in north-central Turkey with 80,000 inhabitants, situated on the Yesil River, at 390 metres above sea level. It is the capital of Amasya province with 370,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate).
The main economic activity of the region of Amasya is agriculture, with mining and the production of textiles and cement as important additions.
Amasya is a very attractive city, with many charming houses facing the Yesil river. The skyline is dominated by the citadel overlooking the northern side of town. In addition there are many medieval mosques, with the foremost built around 1500. The most notable are the Kileri Süleyman Aga and Sultan Beyazit 2 mosques.

History
Amasya was probably founded by the Hittites, dating possibly back to the 2nd millennium BCE.
333: Comes under control of Alexander the Great.
302: With the formation of the Pontic kingdom, Amaseia becomes its capital.
183: Sinop is conquered by the Pontic kingdom, and becomes the new capital. Amaseia continues to be an important city.
65: Is absorbed by Rome, which makes it a free city and the administrative centre of a large region.
2nd century CE: Is designated "metropolis" and "first city".
1071: Falls to Seljuqs Turks, who let the city continue to prosper.
1413: Becomes part of the expanding Ottoman Empire. Amasya becomes a training place for future sultans, who would serve as governors of Amasya.
1915: Most of Amasya's Armenian population are killed or driven out by Kurds and Turks.
1939: Heavy earthquake destroys large parts of town.




By Tore Kjeilen