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Ca. 2000-1600 BCE


Ancient World /
Amorites /
Religion



Nabu was the most important contribution by the Amorites to Mesopotamian religions. Here his statue from his temple at Calah. British Museum, London, UK.
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Nabu was the most important contribution by the Amorites to Mesopotamian religions. Here his statue from his temple at Calah. British Museum, London, UK.

It is not clear what religion the Amorites had before becoming lords of Sumer. There seem to have be cults of the moon-god Sin, Amurru and Marduk, their supreme god. In the Enuma Elish an explanation is given for why Marduk was lifted up to the supreme god, replacing Ea and Enlil. With this myth, legitimacy was given for the Amorite conquest and replacement of national kings.
As Amorites settled and merged with the Sumerians, so did the religious structures merge. Sumerian religion seem to have survived this process quite unaltered. Old myths and cults continued, even if limited amount of artistic production during the Amorite period makes it hard to make clear assements.
The Amorites introduced the god, Nabu, to Mesopotamian religions, where he became a powerful, defined as the son of the supreme god, Marduk.
Amorite religion must be considered part of the Babylonian history of religion, it appears that Amorite had a major impact, but it cannot be clearly determined exactly what was introduced them, and what came from other traditions.




By Tore Kjeilen