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Anatolia
Turkish: Anadolu
Arabic: 'al-anādūl
Also called: Asia Minor



Content
INTRODUCTION
1. Languages
2. Religions
Byzantine Empire
Ottoman Empire
Turkey
Personalities
Croesus
Orhan
Murad 1
Mehmed 2
Süleyman 1
Atatürk (Mustafa Kemal)
States and Peoples
Hattians
Hittites
Urartu
Cimmerians
Sea people
Ahhiyawa
Phrygia
Lydia
Pontus
Byzantine Empire
Ottoman Empire
Turkey
Kurds
Cities and towns
Ankara
Sardis
Religions
Religions

Alevism
Mithraism
Hittite religion
Languages / Living
Turkish
Kurdish
Zazaki
Smaller languages, see Turkey / Languages
Languages / Extinct
Languages

Hattic
Hittite
Luwian
Lycian
Lydian
Palaic
Phrygian

Peninsula corresponding to most of the Asian part of Turkey. It is also called Asia Minor.
The two definitions of Anatolia is 1) all of Asian Turkey, and 2) the Asian Turkey until the point where it meets the mountains of Ermenistan and Kurdistan (north of Syria and Iraq). The first definition sets the area to 755,688 m², the second to about 550,000 to 600,000 m². The number of inhabitants with the first geographical definition is about 66 million (2005 estimate).
Anatolia is a very mountainous region with much of the population living at heights between a few hundred metres to about a thousand metres above sea level. The height of the region secures both mild summers and good precipitation, but winters can be hard with heavy snowfall.
The largest river is Kizilirmak, 1,150 km long, emptying into the Black Sea. None of Anatolia's rivers are navigable.
The capital Ankara rests at 850 metres. It is also the largest city on Anatolia with 4 million inhabitants (2004 estimate).
Anatolia has been the home of several outstanding civilizations, of which the Hittites (ca. 1680-1200 BCE), Lydia (685-546 BCE), Byzantine Empire (395-ca. 1300 for the Anatolian part) and the Ottoman Empire (ca. 1300-1922) needs special mentioning.
For further information on its history and culture, refer to one of the country links or visit the Introduction to Turkey.
The oldest known name to Anatolia was "Land of the Hatti", as recorded on Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets from the 3rd millennia BCE.




By Tore Kjeilen