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Anglo-Iraqi Treaty of 1922


Protectorate treaty, giving Iraq partial independence, but leaving Britain with economic and military control over the country.
Britain had in 1921 installed Faisal bni Hussein as king of Iraq, and wanted a formal agreement after years of being the country's mandate power.
The treaty was signed in October 1922, but not ratified until March 1924. The constituent assembly did not vote in favour of the agreement until the British high commissioner had threatened to suspend the constitution drafted by the assembly.
While the treaty was humiliating for many Iraqis, it still had in it the seed for independence. Actual independence came 10 years later.
The 1922 treaty was superseded by a new treaty in 1930.




By Tore Kjeilen