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Annaba
Arabic: ¢anāba





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Annaba

Annaba, Algeria.
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Annaba, Algeria.

Annaba, Algeria.
Annaba, Algeria.

Annaba, Algeria.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Annaba, Algeria.

City in Algeria with about 500,000 inhabitants (2003 estimate), located in the north-eastern corner of the country, on the Mediterranean Sea, and near the river Wadi Seybouse.
It is the capital of Annaba province with 620,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 1,439 km².
Annaba has a diverse economy, and is the main port for mineral exports in Algeria, including iron, steel, and zinc. Other exports include phosphates, cork, and hides. The surrounding region has a rich agriculture, and Annaba has some industries itself.
Annaba has very good connections with other urban centres of Algeria by rail or road. There is a also a ferry connection with Marseilles in France. Constantine lies 150 km southwest, and the border crossing to Tunisia 110 km east.
Annaba has a large number of monuments from different epochs, most of them being Christian, Muslim and Roman structures.
Annaba was a centre of early Christianity, with the Council of Hippo, established in 393 CE. Augustine was bishop here from 396 until 430.
The Université Bordj Mokhtar lies in Annaba.

History
12 century BCE: Probable establishment of Annaba by the Phoenicians.
146 BCE: Becomes the residence for Numidian kings, after Numidia becomes independent from Carthage. At this period the town is known as Hippo Regius.
46 BCE: Hippo Regius falls under Roman control.
431 CE: Hippo Regius is destroyed by the Vandals.
533: Hippo Regius is put under control of the Byzantine Empire.
697: Conquered by the Arabs. The population, which at this time has a large proportion of Christians, slowly begins to convert to Islam.
1832: Falls under French control.
1942: Annaba is captured by Allied troops, as part of World War 2, and is turned into an army base.
1975: Annaba gets a university.




By Tore Kjeilen