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al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades
Arabic: katāib shuhadā' al-aqsā

Unknown number of militant Palestinian cells, affiliated with al-Fatah.
The al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades emerged after 2000, with the start of the al-Aqsa Intifada.
Their purpose is to attack Israeli targets and interests, attempting to drive Jews and Israeli power out of the lands intended for Palestine according to the Oslo Agreement, including Jerusalem. The brigades appear therefore to accept Israel's existence, as long as this is within the 1967 borders.
The brigades have mainly been operating from the West Bank, but there are cells also on the Gaza Strip. They also claim to have many supporters in southern Lebanon.
Israeli reports came out in 2002/2003 about the brigades receiving financial aid directly from Yassir Arafat.

2002 January: The first suicide bombing carried out by a woman, for which the brigades declare responsibility.
2003 June: The brigades declare that they will end their actions, if the ongoing siege of Yassir Arafat is lifted.
December: The brigades declare that a Palestinian delegation involved in negotiations with Israel at Geneva, are "collaborators with Israel."

By Tore Kjeilen