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Persia / Achaemenid Dynasty /
Artaxerxes 1
Old Persian: artakhshayarsha

Artaxerxes 1' tomb, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Iran.
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Artaxerxes 1' tomb, Naqsh-e-Rostam, Iran.

(?-425 BCE) King of Persia 465-425, belonging to the Achaemenid Dynasty.
Although Artaxerxes was in power for an unusually long time for a contemporary king, there are few accounts of important achievements. But as there were no territorial losses, only rebellions from local rulers, it could be deducted that Artaxerxes' period was a fairly good and stable one for his subjects. One indicator of this might be from Jewish sources, from which we learn that he allowed them to rebuild Jerusalem.

Around 510? BCE: Born as son of King Xerxes 1 and Queen Amestris.
465: King Xerxes 1 is murdered together with Artaxerxes' oldest brother. Artaxerxes 1 becomes new king.
450: After years of tensions between Athens and Persia, the Athenians attack the Persian territory of Cyprus.
448: Peace is achieved between Persia and Athens.
425: Dies, and is buried in Naqsh-e-Rostam. He is succeded by Xerxes 2.

By Tore Kjeilen