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Town in northeastern Turkey with 25,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), situated on the Coruh river, 550 metres above sea level. It is the capital of Artvin province with 195,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate).
Artvin's economy is based upon the region's limited agriculture and livestock breeding.
Artvin is linked by road with the small port of Hopa on the Black Sea, 60 km northwest, and Erzurum 200 km south.
The population of Artvin is highly mixed, consisting of Georgians, Kurds and Lazs.
1877: Placed under Russian rule, at the conclusion of the Russo-Turkish War.
1918: Artvin is returned to Turkey following a treaty between Turkey and Soviet Russia.