Ancient World / Mesopotamia / Assyria /
Assyria of this period was never called so, rather Subartu (in Akkadian). The name shift came in the early Middle period.
It was preceeded by the kingdoms under Sumerian, Akkadian and Babylonian rulers.
The legendary founder of the Assyrian monarchy is Zulilu.
Old Assyria reached its highest point of strength, covering all of northern Mesopotamia around 1800 BCE, under king Shamshi-Adad 1. His legacy would be very short-lived, as perhaps the greatest of all Mesopotamian kings took the Babylonian throne about the same time that Shamshi-Adad died.
The fall of Ashur to Hammurabi is not defined as the end of OId Assyria. Although being reduced to a vassal state, local rulers continued to rule from Ashur, and without much difference from before Shamshi-Adad.
Over time, Mitanni would become strong in Assyria, especially in the times when the Kassites conquered Babylonia around 1600. This is often defined as the end of Old Assyria, but local rulers remained in Ashur, and in the middle of the 16th century, local rulers began exercising more power.
A new era comes with Middle Assyria, which is defined to begin around 1380 BCE.
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