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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Cities and Villages /

Avaris, Egypt
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Ruined former capital of Ancient Egypt, mainly as the centre of the Hyksos people, that formed the 15th Dynasty, and causing the period which is called Second Intermediate Period.
Its is located to the eastern Nile Delta, near modern town of Tell al-Dab'a. Its present state is chaotic ruins, and so little remains of former glory that it is out of most tourist itineraries.
Art used at Avaris is related to Mediterranean styles. Minoan-style frescoes from one of the Hyksos palaces is unique for Egypt.
Egyptian attitudes towards the Hyksos are clearly exhibited in that the city was razed to the ground when it was conquered in 1550 BCE.

Early 18th century BCE: Avaris is either founded, or established as a major regional centre.
1550: Ahmose 1 takes Avaris, destroying its citadel. With this ends the Second Intermediate Period, and the New Kingdom begins with its 18th Dynasty ruling from Thebes.
13th century: Ramses 2 makes Avaris again an important administrative centre, building a palace here. Is name became Pi-Ramses Anakhtu.

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By Tore Kjeilen