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An honorary title used for prominent shaykhs or spiritual leaders in general in Sufism.
Bab, meaning "gate," is the one who can lead the believers into communication with the other side, the divine spheres. Isma'ilism, which often is classified as part of Shi'i Islam, held much the same views on the Bab: he was the one spiritual leader who could open up an access to the mysteries of religion.
The Druze call their first spiritual leader Bab.

By Tore Kjeilen