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Muhammad al-Badr
Arabic: muhammad al-badr bni 'ahmad

Muhammad al-Badr

Muhammad al-Badr.

(1926-1996) Ruler (Imam) of North Yemen, 1962, and leader of the monarchist regions during the North Yemen Civil War, 1962-1970.


1926: Born as oldest son of Ahmad bin Yahya, later Imam of North Yemen.
1955: Assists his father in defending his father's control over North Yemen from two rebellious brothers. Ahmad named al-Badr crown prince.
1956: Forges connections and signs agreements during a tour to Soviet bloc countries.
1960: During his father's trip abroad for medical treatment, al-Badr introduces a number of reforms in Yemen which his father had promised. His father annulled these upon his return.
1962 September 18: Imam Ahmad dies, and al-Badr succeeds him.
— Among al-Badr's first actions was to grant amnesty to political prisoners.
September 26: Abdullah as-Sallal, who al-Badr had appointed commander of the royal guard, stages a coup that removed al-Badr from power. Sallal makes himself new leader of North Yemen.
— Al-Badr escapes to the north of North Yemen, and rallies tribes that support him in opposition to Sallal. Fighting erups between the two groups, starting the North Yemen Civil War. Al-Badr starts getting support from Saudi Arabia, while the republicans receive support from Egypt.
1970 March: As Saudi Arabia stops its support for al-Badr, President Abdurrahman al-Iryani manages to make peace with al-Badr's supporters. This brings the civil war to an end, and al-Badr leaves for exile in Britain.
1996 August 6: Dies.

By Tore Kjeilen