Iran / Cities and Towns /
City in southeastern Iran with 300,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), port on the Strait of Hormuz, opposite the islands of Qeshm, Larak and Hormuz. Bandar-e Abbas is the capital of the Hormozgan Province with 1.3 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 71,193 km².
Bandar-e Abbas's main economic activities are linked to its port. Imports are mainly manufactured goods, while the exports are predominantly rugs, petroleum products and agricultural produce. The city has some industry, like a cotton mill, a fish cannery, an oil refinery and a natural gas refinery.
The port of Bandar-e Abbas is shallow and badly sheltered. Often, ships cannot enter the actual port, but must lie kilometres out on the sea.
The summer climate is extremely hot and humid, while winters are pleasant.
The inhabitants of Bandar-e Abbas are referred to as Bandaris, and are mainly a mix of Arabs, Negros and the original population. They speak their own dialect of Arabic. A large part of them are Sunni Muslims.
1622: Founded by Shah Abbas 1 (giving his name to the city), as a sustitute for the city of Hormuz captured by the Portuguese in 1514. Bandar-e Abbas would immediately become the main port of Persia.
1734: Bushehr is made into a naval base of Persia, taking over much of the traffic from Bandar-e Abbas.
1793: Leased to the rulers of Musqat.
1868: The agreement with the rulers of Musqat is cancelled by Persia, and Bandar-e Abbas comes back under Persian control.
1980's: The Iran-Iraq War brings prosperity to the city, being the only major Iranian port secure from war.