Israel / Cities and Towns
Hebrew: b'er sheva
Other spellings: Beer Sheba, Beersheba, Beer-Sheva
Beer Sheva has been inhabited for thousands of years due to its steady supplies of water. This is used for irrigated agriculture in the surrounding region. Industries of Beer Sheva produce chemicals, processed minerals from the Dead Sea, porcelain, tiles and textiles.
Beer Sheva is linked with highways to urban centres to the north and good roads south in direction of Eilat, 220 km. Ashkelon is 60 km northwest, Jerusalem 130 km northeast and Tel Aviv 120 km north.
Beer Sheva is a modern town which has seen a number of fresh examples of modern architecture. The old quarters have long been neglected, but has in recent years being restored to attract tourism, including a few modest but interesting Ottoman buildings.
Beer Sheva has the Ben-Gurion University founded in 1965, as well as the Negev Institute for Arid Zone Research.
Beer Sheva has a in insignificant number of Palestinians. Most of its inhabitant originate in Ethiopia and the former Soviet Union.
Beer Sheva is mentioned in the Bible. It is said to be the place where Abraham made a covenant with King Abimelech of Gerar. He both dug a well here and planted a tamarisk tree. In the Judges 20:1 Beer Sheva is set down as the southernmost point of the Hebrew territory.