Algeria / Politics /
muhammad abū diyāf
(1919-1992) Algerian president 1992, formally as "chairman" of the High State Committee (HCE) of Algeria 1992, remaining in office for less than 6 months.
As president, Boudiaf spoke out against both the atrocities and the anti-democratic ideology of the islamists, as well as against the corrupt administration of Algeria. He wanted to form a new National Assembly consisting of moderate politicians. Due to his short time in office, nothing of this materialized.
1919 June 23: Born in M'sila.
1940-45: Fights during the World War 2 in the French army.
1949: Is one of the co-founders of the Organisation Speciale.
1954: Joins the FLN.
1956 October 22: Arrested by French authorities.
1962: Released from prison, and he becomes Deputy Prime Minister in Ben Bella's administration.
Forms a new party, Party of the Socialist Revolution.
1963 June 21: Is arrested.
1964: Goes into exile in Morocco.
1992 January 16: After having been invited back to Algeria, he becomes chairman of the High State Committee, the ruling body of Algeria during the Algerian Civil War.
Soon, Boudiaf acts against both the Islamists and the corrupt leadership of the country.
June 29: Is assassinated in Annaba by one member of the presidential guard, Lembarek Boumaarafi. Boudiaf is succeeded by Ali Kafi.
1995 June: Boumaarafi is sentenced to death.