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Knidos, Caria (modern Turkey)
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Replica of the original mausoleum (now Milas, Turkey)
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Replica of the original mausoleum.

The ancient holy Carian city of Labranda (modern Turkey)
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The ancient holy Carian city of Labranda.

Largely in the 1st millennium BCE, region of southwestern Anatolia. Caria bordered Lycia to the east, Phrygia to the north and Lydia to the northwest.
It is suggested that the name simply means 'Steep Country', corresponding to words like the Luwian 'karuwa'.
Along the coast, many of the cities were Dorian Greek. The most important were Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum), Knidos (travel), Kaunos (travel) and Barygylia.
The interior mountainous region had as its most important city Mylasa, which until the 4th century BCE was the main city or capital. The inhabitants of this region were known as Carians, representing its own ethnic group, close to the Lydians and Mysians. Their language is called Carian, an Anatolian language.
Coins were minted in Caria.
The most famous of the Carians was Mausolus, whose tomb became the first mausoleum; it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

546: Comes under Persian control.
490's: Revolt against the Persians among rulers of western Caria.
4th century: Persians reestablish their control over Caria, governed as a seperate satrapy governed by the native Hecatomids.
Ca. 370: Governor Mausolus breaks free from Persian control, forming his own league of cities after Greek model.
Ca. 340: Conquered by Alexander the Great, but he grants the region great autonomy, allowing near-independent cities and communes to be ruled by Hellenistic rulers.
129: Conquered by the Romans, incorporated into the province of Asia.

By Tore Kjeilen