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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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1550-1069 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt /
New Kingdom

Years BCE
18th Dynasty 1550-1295
19th Dynasty 1295-1186
20th Dynasty 1186-1069

18th Dynasty: Statue of Tuthmosis 3. Luxor Museum, Luxor, Egypt.
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18th Dynasty: Statue of Tuthmosis 3. Luxor Museum, Luxor, Egypt.

19th Dynasty: Ramses 2
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19th Dynasty: Two Ramses 2's, to the right of the entrance to his temple at Abu Simbel.

20th Dynasty: Wall relief of Ramses 4.
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20th Dynasty: Wall relief of Ramses 4.

Period of Ancient Egypt as a unified country, largely with continuous stability and high civilization. The New Kingdom is commonly defined to span 3 dynasties, the 18th through the 20th, 1550-1069 BCE, 481 years.
The New Kingdom is defined as following the Second Intermediary Period, being followed by the Late Dynastic Period (or Third Intermediate Period). In many respects, the New Kingdom represents the last period of high civilization in Egyptian history, later periods imported or reused cultural elements rather than create them themselves.
Traumatized by foreign rule of the Hyksos, the earliest New Kingdom rulers placed much focus on taking control over Syria-Palestine in order to prevent new groups emerging strong enough to attack Egypt. Territorial expansion happened also in Nubia.
The most famous rulers of the New Kingdom were Ramses 2, Akhenaten and Queen Hatshepsut.
The capital of Egypt through this period remained Thebes of Upper Egypt. This is also the site of the finest monuments from the period remains.

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By Tore Kjeilen