'al-hajjāji bni yūsufi th-thaqafiy
(661-714) Important provincial governor and administrator in the Umayyad Empire.
Hajjaj was for more than 20 years one of the most important persons in the Umayyad Empire. Due to his successes, he might be deemed as equally influential as some of his contemporary caliphs.
His methods were very harsh and unpopular with many. Only one year after his death, his closest supporters would be arrested and punished, some even executed by Caliph Sulayman.
661: Born in Ta'if into a family with no significant social standing.
691: Attacks the rebel governor of Iraq, and has him defeated.
692: Leads the Umayyad troops against Abullah bni Zubayr and has him defeated in a brutal manner and killed. Hajjaj serves as governor of Hijaz.
694: Becomes governor of Iraq.
697: Final defeat of the Kharijis of Persia, which had been one of the main challengers to the caliphate.
705: al-Walid becomes caliph, and grants Hajjaj full freedom to conduct military campaigns. As a result, Hajjaj's trusted men would conquer lands in India, Turkestan and southern Spain.
712?: Challenged by the popular rule of Umar in Hijaz, Hajjaj demands that Umar be removed from his position. Hajjaj felt that the rumors of Umar's good management made it difficult for him to keep his position.
714: Dies in Wasit.