Ancient Syria /
In Ancient Syria, city and kingdom corresponding to modern Hama, Syria. Hamath thrived between 11th century BCE and ca. 720 BCE.
Hamath was situated to a bend of the Orontes river, where there were good natural conditions to build an effective fort, yet administer a fertile agricultural region.
Settlements here go deep back in history, traces from early Neolithic Age have been found.
3rd millennium BCE: Amorites migrates from the region of Mari to settle in and around Hamath.
11th century: Hamath emerges as an independent Aramean kingdom. Hamath is member of a federation of Aramean kingdoms, which is dominated by Dimaskha.
853: At the Battle of Karkar, Hamath is one of the kingdomes defending itself against the Assyrian troops sent by king Shalmaneser 3. Although defeated, Hamath manages to remain independent.
Middle 8th century: Hamath is attacked by Assyria, losing territory.
Ca. 715: Following an attack on Assyria largely organized by the Hamath king Sargon 2 retaliates by destroying Hamath, having the its king flayed alive, and population replaced by Assyrians.
Ca. 540: Hamath becomes part of the Persian Empire.