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3rd millennium-around 1300 BCE3rd millennium-around 1300 BCE


Dead languages ||| Anatolia / Languages
Hattic language
Also called: Hattian; Khattic; Khattish
Hittite: hattili


Extinct, non-Indo-European language of Asia Minor, 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE, spoken by the Hattians. The region of Hattic speakers was largely inside the Kizil river and regions further north.
Whether Hattic is a Language isolate or not is debated. Of suggested related languages and groups are Abkhaz-Adyghean languages or Girbal with the Kartvelian languages (see Caucasian languages).
The term 'hatti' and 'hattic' comes from the Bible, with the name Heth, but similar terms was used also in Egypt and Assyria.
Hattic never became a written language, hence there are no direct sources. The reason why we still have Hattic texts is thanks to the Hittites, who at Hattusha wrote bilingual cuneiform documents. There are also some Hittite tablets that use Hattic words, and we also see traces of Hattic in names for geography and gods.
Among what we know about Hattic grammar, the language had both prefixes and suffixes, and ther was no formal marks to distinguish nouns from verbs. Hattic was agglutinative language, one word could have several parts that each had a distinct meaning.

Research history
1922: Studies into Hattic begins by German scholars.




By Tore Kjeilen