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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / New Kingdom / 18th Dynasty /
Other spellings: Harmhab, Haremhab, Djeserkhepere

Horemheb kneels and makes offerings to Atum. Luxor Museum, Luxor, Egypt.
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Horemheb kneels and makes offerings to Atum (open large photo). Luxor Museum, Luxor, Egypt.

A sequence of Horemheb's making offerings to gods, first Osiris, then Isis, then Hathro. From Horemheb's Tomb, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.
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Horemheb is making an offer to Osiris. From Horemheb's Tomb, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.

King of Ancient Egypt 1323-1295 BCE, 28 years, 14th and last ruler of the 18th Dynasty.
Horemheb served as commander of the army under King Tutankhamun. He fought the Hittites in the lands of modern Lebanon. He was not heir to the throne, but used the power vacuum after the death of King Ay to claim the throne.
His main project as a king was to drive out all traces of the monotheistic religion of Aten, introduced by Akhenaten (who had died 14 years earlier). He ordered the destruction of all aspects of the religion, and tried to compensate for the perceived heresy by building and restoring buildings dedicated to Amon. The most noteworthy of these was the great hypostyle hall in the Temple of Amon at Karnak, near Thebes. This would become the largest interior space built in Egypt.
Horemheb also returned confiscated properties to the priests of the many cultic sites.
He allowed trade routes and expeditions to foreign lands that had been neglected under Akhenaten to be resumed.
While serving as commander of the army, Horemheb built a large tomb in Saqqara. This was never used, since upon becoming a king, he preferred to build a royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings, in the vicinity of the ancient kings.
Horemheb was succeeded by his vizier, Ramses 1, since he had no heir. Ramses 1 is recorded as the founder of a new dynasty, the 19th Dynasty.

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By Tore Kjeilen