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Open map of IranFlag of IranIran / Geography /
Open map of OmanFlag of OmanOman / Geography /
Strait of Hormuz
Arabic: madīq hurmuz
Persian: tangeh hormoz



Satellite photo of Persian Gulf (NASA)



Strait separating the Persian Gulf to the west and the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea to the east. The strait touches Iran to the north and Oman to the south (the peninsula of Musandam).
The length approximates 280 km, and the width is only 50 km at its narrowest point.
The strait of Hormuz is of great strategical importance, as it is the only sea route through which oil from Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, as well as most of United Arab Emirates, can be transported.
Three islands in the Gulf of Hormuz were seized by Iran in 1971: Tunb Kabir, Tunb Saghir, and Abu Musa. These are claimed by the United Arab Emirates, but there have never been any battles to reclaim them.
Around the 14th century, there emerged a Kingdom of Hormuz.




By Tore Kjeilen