Ancient World /
Also spelled: Khurrites
The earliest sources tell that they were a people of the Zagros mountains, but must have during the 3rd millennium BCE moved westward, eventually making the Khabur river valley their heartland.
The most important Hurrian kingdom was Mitanni (ca. 1500-1360 BCE), parallel to Kizzuwatna.
From the middle of the 14th century, and the fall of Hurrian kingdoms, they became included into the Hittite Empire. They formed a great part of the population here, and had major influence on Hittite society, culture, and in particular, religion.
Eventually, the Hurrians were absorbed with other peoples, a great part among them became part of the Urartian population.
The Hurrian society was heavily feudalized. An important part of Hurrian economy was copper working, and also traded silver and tin from Hurrian lands in the northern highlands. The horse was an important animal.
The Hurrians had their own language, called Hurrian. Of their religion, little is known about its larger structures, but the main gods are well attested, often through Hittite finds.
The Hurrians are counted for producing the oldest known examples of written music, dating back to ca. 1800 BCE.
In the late 3rd millennium BCE, the only known Hurrian city is Urkesh. Over the following centuries other cities emerged lik Arrapha, Harran, Kahat, Nuzi, Taidu and Washukanni.