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Iran
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns
12. Provinces



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of IranFlag of IranIran /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
74.2 million
Population density:
83 per square kilometre.
Median age:
27 years
Population growth
0.9 %
Fertility
1.7 children/woman.
MENA rank: 1 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

The population of Iran doubled 7 times through the 20th century, and although 10 million inhabitants in 1900 was substantial, it is a large country. Iran is by all measures far from overpopulated, although certain centres, like the capital region, is congested and crowded.
Demographic trends of today's Iran corresponds to those of Western countries, population growth is 0.9% per year, the average Iranian mother has only 1.7 children, which is below the critical level for stable population figures. The present population growth comes from the large year contingents born in the 1980's and to some extent also the 1970's. With a median age of the nation at 27 years, all factors suggest that population growth of Iran will come to a halt over the coming 10 years or so. Population projections indicate that Iran will pass 100 million inhabitants between the years 2040 and 2050, but judging from present trends, Iran may stabilize at between 80 and 90 million inhabitants.
There is substantial disagreement in the main sources over the size of the present Iranian population. CityPopulation gives 70,495,782 from the 2006 census, while CIA World Factbook has a July 2009 estimate of 66,429,284. Compared to older figures, and CIA's own population growth rate at 0.89% per year, it seems very likely that CIA is wrong here. The estimate presented here is a calculation from the 2006 estimate.
More information of demography is found in other Iran articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Density
(per km²)
Change
1880 7,500,000 5
1890 7,900,000 5 5%
1900 9,900,000 6 25%
1910 10,600,000 6 7%
1920 11,400,000 7 8%
1930 12,600,000 8 11%
1940 14,600,000 9 16%
1950 16,300,000 10 12%
1960 21,500,000 13 32%
1970 28,400,000 17 32%
1980 39,100,000 24 38%
1990 55,600,000 34 42%
2000 65,600,000 40 18%
2009 72,400,000 44 10%





By Tore Kjeilen