Jordan has been the home of humans for several tens of thousands of years, evidence show human activity back to the Paleolithic period, which is 50,000 to 17,000 BCE. It happened most probably that market places developed into real settlements some 6,000-8,000 years ago, during the Neolithic Period. Ain Ghazal near modern Amman is possibly the earliest settlement in Jordan.
Around 2000 BCE: The Semitic tribe of Amorites settle in the land called Canaan.
Romans and Byzantines
11th century: Seljuqs take control of Jordan and Palestine, including Jerusalem, beginning extreme measures against Christians and Christian sites, thereby provoking the Crusades.
1116: Christian Crusaders establish control over most of Jordan, which is included into the Kingdom of Jerusalem. They build a line of fortresses to protect the region.
1187: Saladin, the Muslim Kurdish general, manages to wrestle Jerusalem of its strongholds in Jordan. Jordan now comes under Cairo, first with the Ayyubids, from 1250 under the Mamluks.
Ottomans and stagnation
Arab revolt and Transjordan
1946 May 22: The British mandate ends.
May 25: Transjordan becomes independent and Abdullah declared king.
1948 Transjordan participates in the First Palestinian War against the establishment of the state of Israel.
April 3: End of fighting, and Jordan is left with the control over the West Bank.
1950: Transjordan annexes the West Bank, and changes the name to Jordan.
1951 July 20: King Abdullah is murdered, succeeded by his mentally ill son, King Talal.
1952 August 11: Talal is diagnosed mentally ill, and is forced to abdicate in favour of his son, Hussein.
1957: After Jordan had broken ties with Great Britain the year before, all British troops leave Jordan.
1958 February 14: Federation is proclaimed between the two Hashemite kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan.
August 2: The federation between Iraq and Jordan is dissolved; following the coup against the Iraqi king two weeks earlier.
1960 February: New law gives Jordanian citizenship to all Palestinian refugees; this as a reflection of Jordanian aspirations to annex the West Bank into its territory.
1960's: This is a decade of hard strife with the Palestinians (PLO) over power of Jordan.
1964: Jordan opposes the establishment of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).
1967: Six-Day War, where Jordan loses the West Bank, including East Jerusalem. Many Palestinian refugees come into Jordan.
1970-71: The final battle with PLO ends with the expulsion of PLO from Jordan. About 3,000 die from the fighting.
1974 October: Jordan recognizes PLO as the sole representative for the Palestinians.
1988: Jordan gives up all claims on the West Bank, declaring it Palestinian territory.
1991: The ban against certain political parties is abolished.
Following the Gulf War, about 500,000 Palestinians and Jordanians come to Jordan. Palestinians chose Jordan for being the only country granting them easy entry and automatic citizenship. This causes great pressure on the economy, and even more on the limited water supplies of the country. Jordan's unemployment rate hits 30% this year. UN estimates put Jordan's loss from the war, from mid-1990 until mid-1991 to US$8 billion.
1992: The economy grows by 11%, apparently impressive, but the immigrants of 1991 represented a population growth of 16%, hence GDP per capita went down 4.5%.
1993: The first parliamentary elections since 1956.
1994 July 25: The long-lasting status of war with Israel ends with a joint declaration between the two countries.
October 26: A formal peace treaty with Israel is signed.
1999 February: King Hussein dies and is succeeded by his son, Abdullah.
2002: Riots and clashes in Ma'an. Government troops move in, and disarm the many inhabitants carrying weapons.
2003 June 17: Parliamentary elections, in which more than two-thirds to the 110 sears are won by representatives loyal to the king. The main opposition party, IAF (Islamic Action Front), linked to the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan, wins 17 seats. The elections were criticised.
2005 November 9: Bomb actions against three major hotels in Amman, killing 60 plus 3 suicide bombers. All suspected for the actions were Iraqis.
2008 April 16: New regulations on political parties, that involves that 22 of the existing 36 parties no longer complied with requirements. Several parties represented in the parliament had to be dissolved, but the Islamist party was permitted.