Byzantine Empire /
Flavius Claudius Iovianus
(Ca. 332-364) Roman Emperor 363-364, ruling less than 8 months before dying. He is listed as the 4th ruler of the Byzantine Empire.
Due to his short reign, on the road to Constantinople, he only managed to carry through a few reforms. Most important was the reversal of reforms from the reign of Julian; he reversed religious freedoms for non-Christian faiths, and closed cult centres. He reintroduced special benefits for the Christian church.
Ca. 332: Born in Singidunum, as son of an unnamed officer.
363 March: Is part of the campaign against Sassanid Persia, serving as commander of the imperial bodyguard.
June 26: Emperor Julian dies near Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia, from war injury. Jovian uses his central position to have himself proclaimed emperor.
Makes peace with the Persians, guaranteeing them all territory east of the Tigris River. Many of society's elite would consider Jovian's concessions treason.
364 February 17: Dies in Dadastana, Bithynia, possibly from poisoning. His rule over the eastern part of the empire would pass to Valens.