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Kings of Judah
All years BCE
Saul 1020-1000
From 993 king of Israel
Solomon 961-922
Rehoboam 1
Israel breaks with Judah
Nadab 907-905
Ba'asha 906-882
Elah 883-881
Zimri 881
Tibni 881-876
Omri 882-870
Ahab 871-851
Ahaziah 851-850
Jehoram 850-839
Jehu 839-811
Jehoahaz 812-795
Jehoash 797-781
Rehoboam 2 792-751
Zechariah 750-749
Shallum 749
Menahem 749-739
Pekahiah 738-736
Pekah 736-730
Hoshea 731-722
Other spellings: Judaea; Judea; Judæa
Hebrew: yehudah

Region of southern Ancient Palestine and Ancient Israel, reaching about as far south as Beer Sheva. It corresponds to regions of modern Israel and Palestine.
The main region of Judah was the hill country, with Bethel (modern Ramallah, Palestine) as northern border, a region that included Jerusalem, Bethlehem and Hebron.
The region was named after the tribe of Judah, but was at times home of the tribes of Simeon, Benjamin and Dan.
In the modern state of Israel, the term Judah is used to term the region corresponding to the ancient land. It is commonly accepted that it is from Judah, that the terms Jew and Judaism originate.
Ancient Israel had two more regions, Samaria to the north, and Galilee even further north.

Around 990: King David conquers the holy city of the Jebusites, which name either was Zion or Shalem. David has it renamed Jerusalem and makes it his capital.
Around 920: With the death of King Solomon (922), the northern tribes separates from Judah; Jerusalem remains Judah caipital.
721: Fall of Samaria.
718: Fall of Israel.
587-586: Babylonia conquers Judah, and Jerusalem is destroyed. Many inhabitants of Babylonia are taken as capitives to Babylonia.
Ca. 164: Foreign rulers are driven out of Judah, a new kingdom is established.
63: Roman intervention, Judah becomes part of the Roman Empire.
37: Herod the Great becomes king of Judah, although subject to the Rome.
20: Herod becomes king of all of Jerusalem, making Jerusalem the main city of the region.
70 CE: With the Jewish loss in the First Jewish revolt, Jerusalem is destroyed by the Romans. With this, the term Judah ceases to have political importance.

By Tore Kjeilen