Mesopotamia / Cities /
Also called: Larak, Larag
Ancient city of Sumer and Babylonia, in southern Mesopotamia, in what today is southern Iraq. Its location corresponds to modern Tell Sankara, at the Shatt an-Nil canal, 30 km southeast of Uruk.
Female copper figure, from ca. 1800-16000 BCE. British Museum, London, UK.
Larsa's main contender was Isin, which around 2000 BCE controlled Larsa. About 200 years later, Larsa took control over Isin.
In Larsa, the Akkadian elite would rise to replace the Sumerian. Still, it appears that Larsa reached its highest levels of wealth and development under Elamite rulers, beginning in the second half of the 19th century BCE. This was a period of long-distant trade reaching the Indus Valley (now Pakistan), exchanging hides, wool, vegetable oil and ivory. Sciences were also developed in this period.
Among the ruins excavated here is the ziggurat of Ebabbara and a Babylonian cemetery.
Larsa was probably founded in pre-historic times.
Around 3000 BCE: Larsa emerges as one of the 5 early kingdoms of Sumer.
21st century: Larsa rises to its highest strength, beginning with King Naplanum.
During some of its kings, Larsa proves strong enough to dominate the lands of Babylon.
Around 2000: Larsa passes onto the control of the king of Isin.
20th century: Governor of Larsa, Gungunum, breaks free from Isin. He conquers even the city of Ur.
19th century: Larsa grows into one of the strongest city-states of the region, but not controlling a large area, only slightly more than 10 other cities.
1834: Local dynasty of Larsa is replaced by the Elamites, beginning an era of growth and prosperity.
1794: Larsa conquers and subjects Isin.
1763: War between Babylonian king, Hammurabi, and King Rim-Sin of Larsa. It is believed that Hammurabi dammed the river Euphrates to weaken Larsa. This war ends with the total victory of Hammurabi, and Larsa being incorporated into Babylonia.
1933 CE: Excavations begin at Larsa. A ziggurat is revealed, a temple to the sun-god and royal palace of Nur-Adad.
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