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Libya
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Health
Open map of LibyaFlag of LibyaLibya /
Health



Key figures
Life expectancy
77.3 years. Women 4.7 years longer than men.
MENA rank: 4 of 22.
Child mortality
Infants: 18.0 per 1000.
1 to 5 years: 1.7 per 1000.
MENA rank: 9 of 22.
Overweight
53%.
MENA rank: 11 of 21.
Malnutrition
<2.5%.
MENA rank: 1 of 22.
HIV/AIDS
180 per 100,000 inhabitants.
10,000 in total.
MENA rank: 12 of 14.
Expenses
$270 per inhabitant.
2.9% of GDP.
MENA rank: 15 of 21.
Hospital accreditations
None.
Doctors
1.3 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 13 of 22
Hospital beds
3.7 per 1000 inhabitants.
MENA rank: 2 of 22
MENA rank
10
among 22 countries.

MENA = Middle East and North Africa.

Hospital in A-Bayda, Libya

Hospital in Al-Bayda, Libya

Libya is only ranked 10 among 22 MENA countries, but best among the North African. Libya does very well on certain factors, like life expectancy and number of hospital beds.

Health care
Health services are free for all citizens. Primary health care is very well developed, and available all across the country. There are about 7,000 doctors, 1.3 per 1,000 inhabitants. Many doctors have been trained abroad, and overall Libyan doctors have good skills.
Libyan had in 2008 3.7 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants, representing a small reduction in the recent decade (3.9 in 2001). There are many medical clinics and small hospital all across the country, with two major hospitals in Tripoli and Benghazi.
Yet, Libya is among the countries with fewest doctors per hospital bed; while most countries have ca. 1.5 hospital bed per doctor, Libya has 2.8. This suggests that while many hospitals may have good capacity, their advanced services are limited.
There is a growing private health sector, much encouraged by the government.
Due to United Nation's sanctions, Libya's health care system were among the sectors suffering the most in the 1990's: Imports of medicine and surgical supplies as well as parts for repairs were halted. Children were especially exposed. Sanctions were lifted in 2003, today Libya can benefit fully from international health products.

Health conditions and diseases
Health conditions as reflected in statistics show positive developments, fertility rates go down every year. Life expectancy is increasing, now being almost at European levels. In the 1960's, life expectancy was only 46 years, more than 30 years shorter than today.
There is practically no malnutrition anymore, but child mortality remains significant at about 20 per 1000.
Libya used to have a reporting system for its HIV/AIDS cases, being a regional high risk country. Today, unfortunately, the latest figures date back to 2001, with fairly high figures. There is a major theoritical chance that this problem is far greater today.
Figures from WHO shows that 71% have good access to clean water (2000), 97% access to good sanitation (2006). Contrary to many countries, in Libya there are no differences in access between countryside and towns. These figures are surprisingly bad for a country which does well in many sectors of society.




By Tore Kjeilen