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Ancient Egypt /
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt

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Other spellings: Mahes; Ma'ahes; Maihes Greek: Mihos; Mios; Miysis


In Ancient Egyptian religion, a punishing and protecting god.
The name means originally only "lion," and was for a long time only used only with this meaning, not for a god.

Maahes punished transgressors of Maat in the harshest way and protected the innocent. He protected of sacred places.
In Greek texts, he is presented as a god of wind, darkness and storm.
It is often suggested a connection between Maahes and the Nubian lion-god, Apedemak.

represented either as a lion or a man with a lion's head. When a man, he was seen wearing a knife. In some occasions he wore the double crown of Egypt. Maahes is sometimes called "Lord of the Massacre," but his name literally means "He who is true beside her."

The main cult centre of Maahes, was the small Taremu (or Leontopolis), perhaps since the 18th Dynasty.
From about the 23rd Dynasty, he became also worshipped at Bubastis, where he was considered son of Bastet, as well as in Aprhoditopolis in Upper Egypt. In late Egyptian history, Maahes was in Memphis defined as son of Ptah and Bastet. Here, he also is equated with Nefertem and even Imhotep.

Maahes was also a religious dimension, and can either be considered a unique part of Ancient Egyptian religion, or as external religious practices placed inside Egyptian religion.
Maahes was the name used for the caste of high priests of Amon in the oases of the Western Desert, principally Siwa, Dakhla and Kharga. These priests were in charge of Maahes' ability to punish. Punishments were often linked to storms, making these high priests in the position to control weather.

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By Tore Kjeilen