Islam / Caliph / Umayyads /
marwān bni l-hakam
(623-685) Caliph of Sunni Islam 684-685, belonging to the Umayyad Dynasty.
Marwan rose to prominence from being a very able governor for 30 years in Madina. As caliph, he died before completing the war he had started on. Yet, he had managed to conquer Egypt and Syria from the rebel caliph Abullah bni Zubayr.
Marwan managed to strengthen the Umayyad dynasty and the position of the caliph.
Around 650: Is appointed governor of Madina, where he excels as a good administrator.
680: Is removed from his position in Madina by Abullah who forms his own caliphate.
684: Is appointed caliph. He embarks on important military campaigns to take control over lands of Egypt and Syria that were part of Abdullah's caliphate.
685: Dies of illness. Is succeeded by his son Abd al-Malik.