Egypt / Politics /
Arabic: muhammad najīb
Other spellings: Mohammed; Neguib, Nagib
(1901-1984) Egyptian president 1953-1954, army officer and statesman.
Naguib was one of the most respected members of the Free Officers, but the Free Officers considered his politics as president too conservative and influenced by Islamism. His political career may have ended when he favoured parliamentary rule, which his fellow Free Officers opposed.
He was considered an honest and brave man. This paved the ground for his political career, although in this position, he was mainly used by others. Gamal Abdu l-Nasser needed his popularity to give legitimacy to the newly-formed Egyptian republic.
1901 February 20: Born in Khartoum, Sudan.
Educated at the Royal Military Academy in Cairo.
1948: Partakes in the First Palestinian War against the newly formed state of Israel. As one of few Egyptian officers, his actions were considered heroic.
Naguib is recruited to the Free Officers group,in order to lend it credibility.
1952 July 23: Naguib is central in the overthrow of King Faruk, placing his infant son, Fuad 2, on the throne. Naguib becomes Commander-in-chief of the army.
September 7: Becomes Prime Minister and member of the Council of Regency. Yet, the real power of Egypt isow with the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), consisting of 9 officers.
1953 July 18: Becomes the first president of the Egyptian republic, prime minister and Chairman of the RCC.
1954 February: Naguib is removed from his positions as president, prime minister and Chairman of the RCC, only to be reinstalled a few days later.
April: Nasser strips Naguib of his position as Prime Minister.
November 14: The power struggle between Naguib and Nasser reaches its zenith. Naguib has to resign from office, and is succeeded by Nasser. Naguib is accused of having cooperated with the Muslim Brotherhood, attempting to assassinate Nasser in October. He is placed under house arrest.
1971: Freed from house arrest by the new president, Anwar as-Sadat.
1984 August 28: Dies in Cairo.