Ancient Egypt / Religion / Structures /
The obelisk is made from one stone with a tapered form, being at its widest at the bottom, and with a top (called erectum) that is shaped like a pyramid.
The material used for obelisks was normally red granite from Aswan, while the top often was sheathed by gold, silver or brass. All four sides of the obelisk were embellished by hieroglyphs, often with dedications to the sun god Re or with commemorations of the lives of the rulers.
Obelisks served no practical purpose, but were decorations for entrances to Egyptian temples. Obelisks represented the most effective manner of creating a visible monument, which could rise above most other structures. In most cases, obelisks were always erected in pairs.
Obelisks were normally between 15 and 30 metre high, but this depended on the epoch they were made in. Their weight could easily exceed 100 tons.
The most important Assyrian obelisk, the Black Obelisk of king Shalmaneser 3, is highly noteworthy, as it has the oldest depictions of a Biblical figure, Jehu, son of Omri of the 9th century BCE.
How it was made
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