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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map

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(323) 305-30 BCE(323) 305-30 BCE

Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt /
Ptolemaic dynasty

Ptolemy 1 Soter 1 305-285
Ptolemy 2 Philadelphus 285-246
Ptolemy 3 Euergetes 1 246-221
Ptolemy 4 Philopator 221-205
Ptolemy 5 Epiphanes 205-180
Ptolemy 6 Philometor 181-145
Ptolemy 7 Neos Philopator 145
Ptolemy 8 Euergetes 2 145-116
Ptolemy 9 Soter 2 116-107
Ptolemy 10 Alexander 1 108-88
Ptolemy 9 Soter 2 88-80
Ptolemy 11 Alexander 2 80
Ptolemy 12 Neos Dionysios 80-51
Cleopatra 7 Philopator 51-30
Ptolemy 13 51-47
Ptolemy 14 47-44
Ptolemy 15 Caesarion 44-30

Pharaonic dynasty in ancient Egypt, lasting 305-30 BCE, 275 years. If including the time when Ptolemy 1 was governor, the period is 323-30 BCE, 293 years) when it was ended by Roman annexation.
The founder of the dynasty was the Macedonian general Ptolemy, who became governor after the death of Alexander the Great. At first he controlled Egypt as a region, but he made himself an independent ruler from 305.
The Ptolemaic dynasty was marked by little territorial expansion, even if the neighbour regions of Cyrenaica and Palestine, as well as Cyprus, were at times under their control. Egypt experienced at first a positive economic period as the first Ptolemaic rulers developed wide scale administrative systems in Egypt.
The Ptolemies respected Egyptian customs and lived according to it, and were in many ways contributors to the country's culture. In the later part of the dynastic period, the rulers faced problems with nationalism, and public protests became more frequent.
All male rulers of this dynasty, were named Ptolemy, but the most famous of the rulers was Cleopatra. The end of the Ptolemaic dynasty came after a period of weak rulers, but Cleopatra's close relations with Rome would also prove critical.

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By Tore Kjeilen