Bookmark and Share


Qatar
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























Open the online Arabic language course






Index / Demographics
Open map of QatarFlag of QatarQatar /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
0.8 million
Population density:
73 per square kilometre.
Median age:
31 years
Population growth
1.0%
Fertility
2.5 children/woman.
MENA rank: 8 of 22.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Through the 20th century, the population of Qatar doubled 75 times, which is the highest for the MENA countries, and may well be the highest in the world.
Surprisingly, Qatar provides no statistics for the distribution between indigenous population and foreign workers, ethnic estimates land on about 170,000 Qataris in this country of 830,000 inhabitants. If these figures are correct, the population doubled 17 times from 1900 to 2000, which is less dramatic than 75, but still one of the fastest growing in the world. It seems like there may have been some immigration of peoples kindred to the original Qataris, contributing to the fast growth.
The greatest increase in foreign population happened from the 1960's until the 1980's, growth comes to a hard end in the 2000's. As of 2009, annual growth is down to 1.0%, reflecting a combination a moderate fertility rate at 2.5 children per mother and a high median age at 31 years. The migration waves have reversed, there is now a net negative immigration, although still very small.
Projections take into consideration that population growth seems to be stabilizing, and Qatar's 2050 population is calculated to become around 1 million.
More information of demography is found in other Qatar articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change
1900 10,000 0.9
1910 12,000 1 20%
1920 15,000 1 25%
1930 17,000 1 13%
1940 21,000 2 24%
1950 47,000 4 124%
1960 59,000 5 26%
1970 110,000 10 86%
1980 230,000 20 109%
1990 490,000 43 113%
2000 745,000 65 52%
2009 833,000 73 12%





By Tore Kjeilen