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San Remo Agreement


Agreement of 1920 dividing former Ottoman territories in the Middle East between France and Britain.
The backdrop for the agreement was the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the World War 1, and most Allied countries, Belgium, Britain, France, Greece, Italy and Japan attended the conference at San Remo.
The agreement involved that Britain and France would establish mandates over Middle Eastern territories. France got control over Syria and Lebanon, Britain over Palestine and Mesopotamia.
The agreement was very much based upon the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916.
The main differences from the Sykes-Picot to the San Remo were that the state of Turkey had been established, taking most of the lands allocated for Russia, and the northern parts of the territory intended for France. Also, there were no more any traces of an Arab state, and the lands of Palestine were defined according to the Balfour Declaration, which was included in the British part of the agreement, which involved that Palestine was intended to become a Jewish country, although with the existing Arab-speaking population intact.




By Tore Kjeilen