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Map of YemenFlag of YemenYemen / Cities and Towns /
San'a
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San'a

San'a, Yemen.
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Photo: Franco Pecchio.

San'a, Yemen.
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Photo: Step.

San'a, Yemen.
San'a, Yemen.

San'a, Yemen.
San'a, Yemen.

San'a, Yemen.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: yeowatzup.

San'a, Yemen.
San'a, Yemen.

San'a, Yemen.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: Matt May.

San'a, Yemen.
San'a, Yemen.

Capital of Yemen with 1.85 million inhabitants (2005 estimate). San'a is situated in the inland, 100 km from the coast of the Red Sea, on a plateau at an elevation of more than 2,000 metres above sea level.
The economic base of San'a are fruits grown in the region.
San'a is made up by two cities, with the palace of the imam (the Shi'i ruler who governed Yemen until mid-1960s) in the very middle. One part has several mosques and a market where jewellery, silver, leather goods, silk, and carpets are manufactured and sold. The other part is only residential.
San'a is has a very distinct architecture, and is one of the world's most beautiful cities. Hence, it is high on international organizations preservation list. There are presently several projects going on, all aiming at preserving the authenticity of San'a, the complexity of the artistry and make it more attractive for the inhabitants to go on living in traditional houses, even in modern ages.

History
The known history of San'a goes back to the 6th century BCE, then part of the Sabaean Dynasty.
1540's: Sana's made capital of the Ottoman territories in Yemen.
1635: End of the Ottoman control.
1870's: San'a becomes capital of the reestablished Ottoman territories in Yemen.
1918: End of the Ottoman control, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (North Yemen) is established with San'a remaining capital.
1970: San'a' University is founded.
1990: Shifts from being capital of North Yemen into the capital of unified Yemen.




By Tore Kjeilen