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Ancient Egypt /
Religion
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt



























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Middle 27th-24th century BCE


Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Religion / Structures / Pyramids /
Saqqara
Arabic: saqāraPlay sound



Saqqara: Step pyramid of Zoser.
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Step pyramid of Zoser.

Saite and Persian tombs at Saqqara, Egypt.
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Saite and Persian tombs.

Saqqara: Entrance to the Valley temple of King Unas, the first part of his funerary complex that concludes with his pyramid.
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Entrance to the Valley temple of King Unas, the first part of his funerary complex that concludes with his pyramid.

Saqqara

Travel information from
LookLex / Egypt
Saqqara / When civilization began
Zoser's step pyramid
Zoser. Mortuary temple
Meet Zoser in the Serdab
Zoser. Heb-Sed Court
Pyramid of Unas
Tomb of Horemheb
Pyramid of Sekhemkhet
Mastaba of Mereruka
Mastaba of Ti
Mastaba of Kagemni
South Saqqara
Pyramid of Pepi 2
Pyramid of Pepi 1
Pyramid of Djedkare

Funerary area in Egypt, 20 km south of Cairo and Giza. The entire area covers 7 kmē.
At present it emerges with two seperate zones: North and South. The north, which is usually only called "Saqqara" has its main tombs from the 3rd Dynasty. The south is dominated by tombs of the 6th Dynasty.
This was the necropolis for the first pharaohs, at the same time as Memphis was the capital, and has therefore the oldest pyramids of all. The tombs erected for Pharaohs at Saqqara belong to a period stretching from the 27th century to the 24th BCE, but the area was used for graves for millenniums after this time.
The most famous structure of Saqqara is the Step Pyramid of Zoser, which was built under control of the architect Imhotep. This belongs to the middle of the 27th century BCE, and was at its time the largest stone structure ever erected. It was originally constructed as a mastaba, a simple mud-brick structure, built over a tomb. Under Imhotep it was rebuilt 5 times. Eventually it rose 62 metres above ground, consisting of 6 steps, and was covered in white limestone.
The excavations of Saqqara belongs mainly to this century, and the mortuary complex around the Step Pyramid of Zoser was not reclaimed from the sand until 1924. Saqqara remains the main centre for Egyptian archaeology right now, and many tombs are still undiscovered.





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By Tore Kjeilen