Saudi Arabia / Politics /
Arabic: sa¢ūd bni 'abdul 'azīz 'al-faysal 'as-sa¢ūd
(1902-1969) King of Saudi Arabia 1953-1964.
Sa'ud is principally known for bringing Saudi Arabia into a serious financial crisis in 1958, just few years after Saudi Arabia started to receive large oil revenues. The administration of the country was at the time not ready to handle the large sums of money, and Sa'ud did not change the old system of the king being personally in charge of handling state revenues.
At first, Sa'ud was forced to change the political system, where the council of ministers was reconstituted, headed by a president who had effective power of the country.
As Sa'ud took back the power, his opponents few years later felt they were forced to remove him totally from the position as king.
1902 January 15: Born in Kuwait as son of king Ibn Sa'ud.
1926: Sa'ud is appointed viceroy of Najd.
1933: Sa'ud is named crown price of Saudi Arabia.
1934: Sa'ud leads military actions against Yemen.
1953 October: King Ibn Sa'ud appoints a council of ministers, and makes Sa'ud its president.
November: Following the death of his father, Sa'ud uses the support he has from his brothers to make himself king.
1958: A leading Syrian politician claims that he had been offered money from Sa'ud in order to kill the president of Egypt, Nasser. This results in strong and negative reactions against Sa'ud in Saudi Arabia and in the Arab world.
A financial crisis of Saudi Arabia, where a debt of US$300 million makes the princes of Saudi Arabia appoint Sa'ud's brother, Faisal to become prime minister. Sa'ud is left without actual power.
1960: Sa'ud makes Faisal resign from his position, and he takes back effective power, after promising elections for parliament, and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy.
1962: Sa'ud once again hands over effective power to Faisal.
1963: As Sa'ud has to spend time abroad to get medical treatment, the opposition against him grows stronger than ever.
1964 March: Sa'ud is forced by his opponents to transfer all power to Faisal.
November: Sa'ud is deposed from his position as king of Saudi Arabia by religious leaders and leading members of the royal family. He goes into exile in Europe.
1966: Sa'ud is invited to come and live in Egypt by president Nasser.
1969 February 23: Sa'ud dies in Athens, Greece. He is succeeded by Faisal.