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Map of YemenFlag of YemenYemen / Cities and Towns /
Arabic: say'ūn
Other spellings: Seiyun; Saywun

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Say'un, Yemen
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Say'un, Yemen
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Town in eastern Yemen with 55,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), the largest settlement in the Hadramawt valley, located to the valley's eastern end. It is a mountain oasis, set in between barren mountains of the Al-Jol pleateau.
The economic base for Say'un is trade for the surrounding region, as well as agriculture of wheat and millet, dates and coconuts.
The landmark of Say'un is the early 20th century Kathiri sultan's palace, but the town also has some of Yemen's finest mosques and minarets. The palace is now a regional museum and library.
The climate of Say'un is marked by hot summers with low humidity, and mild winters, where temperatures can drop to 5ºC. There is very little rainfall here, what there is falls usually in the spring.
Mukalla is 320 km south, Shibam 14 km west, connected by road. There is an airport, connecting to main national destinations.

It is believed that Say'un existed as a settlement at least in the 4th century CE.
1490: Say'un is made capital of the Kathiri sultanate, when 10,000 tribesmen settled here.
1918: A treaty of protection and influence is signed between the Kathiri sultan and the British.
1967: Aden claims independence, forming the People's Republic of South Yemen, in which Hadramawt is a region. The Kathiri sultan of Say'un takes exile in Saudi Arabia.

By Tore Kjeilen