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Skikda
Arabic: skīkda





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Skikda

Skikda, Algeria.
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Skikda, Algeria.

Skikda, Algeria.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

City in north-eastern Algeria with 170,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), on the Gulf of Stora, a part of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Skikda Mountain and Bou Yala Mountain.
It is the capital of Skikda province with 880,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 4,026 km².
Much of the economy of Skikda is based upon port activities, mainly exports of liquefied-gas, locally refined oil and petrochemical products. Natural gas is transported by pipe lines from the Hassi R'Mel fields 600 km southwest and oil from the Hassi Messaoud fields 750 km south. There is also exports of agricultural products like fruits, vegetables, wheat and livestock and mineral products like lead, iron, marble and cement produced in the Safsaf valley and the hinterland. Skikda is also a very active industrial city, producing processed fish and agricultural products, smelting of iron ore and manufacture of aluminium.
As Skikda's economy is based on exports and imports communication lines are good, both by road and rail. Constantine lies 90 km south and Annaba 110 km east.
Skikda has the largest Roman theatre in Algeria but it has largely been destroyed. The Roman period is well presented with artifacts in the local museum.

History
In Roman times, the area was known as the town of Rusicade.
1838: Founded by the French, in order to serve as the port of Constantine. An artificial harbour is constructed. The French name the city Philippeville.
1962: Algeria gains its independence, and the predominantly Italian and Maltese population leaves, and Muslims take over.




By Tore Kjeilen