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1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
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14. Calendar

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Islam / Caliph / Umayyads /
Arabic: sulaymani bni ¢abdi l-malīk

(674-717) Caliph of Sunni Islam 715-717, as part of the Umayyad Dynasty.
Sulayman was both a merciless politician and an effective one. He has been widely condemned for persecuting and executing political opponents. Yet, he did the unusual act of appointing a successor outside his immediate family, the popular and able Umar 2.
He oversaw military campaigns into Persia, and sent troops towards Constantinople, which would be besieged until his death.

674: Born as son of the coming caliph Abd al-Malik.
715: Sulayman's brother al-Walid 1 dies, and with the aid of opponents of al-Hajjaj is Sulayman able to claim the caliphate.
— Persuades Umar to accept becoming the next caliph.
717: Dies.

By Tore Kjeilen