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Tawfiq al-Hakim
Arabic: tawfīq 'al-hakīm

Tawfiq al-Hakim

1927: Return of the Spirit, novel
1933: People of the Cave, drama
1934: Sherazade, novel
1937: Diary of a Prosecutor in the Provinces, novel
1938: Pact with Satan, short stories
1938: Bird from the East, novel

(Alexandria 1898- Cairo 1987) Egyptian dramatist and novelist.
Hakim was principally a dramatist, but he also exercised a lot of influence on the development of the Egyptian novel. As a dramatist, influenced by Europeans like Ibsen and Shaw, he was a master of prose. His dramas addressed major psychological issues such as personal identity.
During the days of his early writings, the Pharaonic movement dominated the cultural life of Egypt, championing an eternal Egypt which survived against all odds.
Hakim dealt with Egyptians, relations and attitudes towards the West, the conflict between the spiritual East and the material West. Of Hakim's novels, Diary of a Prosecutor in the Provinces, is regarded among the very best, as it is based upon his own experiences in public administration.

By Tore Kjeilen