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Persian: tabrīz

The El-Goli estate in Tabriz, Iran.
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The El-Goli estate in Tabriz. Photo: pouyana.

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Tabriz, Iran.
Town hall of Tabriz, Iran.

Tabriz, Iran.
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Behnam's House. Photo: Hamed Saber.

Tabriz, Iran.
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The bazar in Tabriz. Photo: Ensie and Matthias.

The bazar in Tabriz, Iran.
The Blue mosque in Tabriz, Iran.

Bagarkhan temple of Tabriz, Iran.
Mausoleum over the poet Shahriyar. Tabriz, Iran.

Tabriz, Iran.
Landscape near Tabriz, Iran in winter.

City in northwestern Iran with 1.3 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) at an elevation of about 1,400 metres above sea level. Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan Province with 3.5 million inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 45,481 km². It is the largest city in the Azeri parts of Iran.
The economic base of Tabriz is manufacturing, commerce and transportation. Local industries produce carpets, cement, textiles, food, footwear, soap, agricultural machinery, motorcycles and household appliances.
Tabriz is connected by road and railways to Teheran 800 km east, Maragheh 200 km south, and by road alone to Mahabad 300 km south and Khvoy 150 km northwest. Tabriz has an airport.
Central in Tabriz is the Blue Mosque, built in the 15th century, and a citadel, that was built as a mosque, from the 14th century. Another landmark is the 12-sided tomb of Mahmud Ghazan, ruler of the Mongol dynasty in Iran.
Tabriz has a university.
Tabriz has a continental climate with hot and dry in summer and long and cold winters. The city lies in an earthquake zone, and the several earthquakes have destroyed many important buildings over the centuries.

Tabriz has been settled since ancient times.
4th century BCE: It is the capital of Atropatene, named after one of Alexander the Great's generals.
3rd century CE: Is the capital of Armenia, under the name Tauris.
791: Tabriz is rebuilt after being destroyed by an earthquake.
858: An earthquake destroys large parts of Tabriz.
1041: An earthquake destroys large parts of Tabriz.
1295: The Mongol Il-Khan Mahmud Ghazan makes Tabriz his capital.
1548: At the sacrifice of Tabriz, Qazvin becomes new capital of the Safavid kingdom. Tabriz was considered to exposed to a potential Ottoman invasion.
1721: An earthquake destroys large parts of Tabriz.
1780: Another earthquake destroys large parts of Tabriz.
1826: Tabriz is occupied by the Russians.
1828: Persian troops take back control over Tabriz.
1850: The Bab, founder of the Babi Islamic sect and forerunner of the Baha'i religion, is executed together with 40,000 of his followers in Tabriz.
1908: Tabriz becomes the centre of the Iranian Nationalist movement.
1927: An earthquake destroys large parts of Tabriz.
1941: Is occupied by the Soviets.
1945 December: Becomes the capital of the Autonomous Government of Azerbaijan.
1946: Tabriz University is opened.

By Tore Kjeilen