Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Neo period / Kings /
Also called: Tilgath-Pilneser; Pul; Pulu
With his many military successes, he is considered one of the great generals of ancient times. He built a standing army of highly trained soldiers, different from the average army of peasants that waged war on occasion. The cavalry was enhanced.
He was also a great state builder. He ordered the establishment of system of messengers to conncet all corners of his empire.
He came to control all of Mesopotamia, after conquering Babylonia. He also conquered the western belt of modern Iran, and made Syria, Philistia (Lebanon) and Israel his vassals.
Assuming power in a time of unrest, among his foremost tasks was to control unruly regions. Before his reign, local officials had acted very independently from the king, some as if they themselves were independent kings. Tiglath-Pileser had the empire divided into small provinces, headed by officials appointed directly by the king. Many governors were eunuchs, thereby preventing potential family dynasties.
Provinces were subject to providing him with tax revenues and soldiers, and with the conscripts from non-Assyrian lands he formed a larger army than earlier rulers, also making the empire less related to Assyrian identity. The opposition from subjected peoples was still very much of a challenge, in several cases he forcibly moved large people groups to foreign lands. This affected several hundred thousand.
Inscriptions on gold vessels have revealed the name of his queen: Yabaya.