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Open map of TurkeyFlag of TurkeyTurkey / Geography /
Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria / Geography /
Open map of IraqFlag of IraqIraq / Geography /
Tigris
Arabic: dijla
Turkish: Dicle



Tigris river. Photo: Cordaiy Photo Library Ltd./Corbis,
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Tigris river. Photo: Cordaiy Photo Library Ltd./Corbis,

Tigris Euphrates Baghdad Turkey Iran Iraq Syria Persian Gulf

Tigris river through central Baghdad.
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Tigris river through central Baghdad.
River of of the Middle East, 1,850 km long. It begins in Turkey, 432 km, forms the eastern border of Syria, 44 km, end ends in Iraq, 1,418 km. Its defined source is Lake Hazer in Anatolia in Turkey. The first major tributary joins the Tigris at Til in Turkey, other tributaries include Great Zab, Little Zab, Diyala and Adhaim.
Along its course, the Tigris passes through some of the major cities of Iraq, like Mosul, Tikrit, Samarra, and the capital Baghdad. At Qurna, Tigris joins with the Euphrates, and for the remaining 170 km to the outlet at the Persian Gulf, it is known as Shatt al-Arab.
At Samarra a barrage is constructed, in order to improve the control of the floods that can occur between March and May, when snow melts in the mountains. This barrage was also constructed to provide better irrigation, but there have been few agricultural achievements. The barrage has reduced the amount of silt carried with the water, an advantage for sailing on the river, as it is shallow, but its negative effect is that it has reduced the quality of the soil of the region.
The Tigris has been an important river up through history, and was one of the main sources for the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations.




By Tore Kjeilen